Optimization of Seatbelt Anchorage Mount Locations for Occupant Injury Reduction in Frontal Crash 2016-28-0251
In the event of a frontal car crash, occupant sitting in a car meets various types of injuries like Head injury, Chest compression, Neck injury etc. These injuries may lead to the death of an occupant if exceeded beyond biomechanical limits. Seat belt is a primary restraint system, which when worn controls the motion of occupant sitting inside the car during the event of a car crash. An Anchorage location of three point seat belt system has significant effect on occupant injuries during the crash event. By changing the mount locations of a seat belt anchor points i.e. D-ring, Anchor & Buckle, performance of seatbelt system can be enhanced further thereby reducing occupant injuries to certain extent. As per regulation AIS015, locations of safety belt anchorage points should be within prescribed zone. This paper explains effect of changing mounting location of each anchorage points on occupant injuries & also explains how to find optimized seat belt anchorage mount locations within prescribed zone mentioned as per regulations keeping various occupant injuries to minimal value.