Browse Publications Technical Papers 2017-32-0003

Innovative Carburetor Design with Dynamic Air to Fuel Ratio (AFR) Control for Improved Fuel Economy and Reduced Emissions 2017-32-0003

An innovative carburetor system has been developed for use in single cylinder small engines. The carburetor has been implemented on a 79cc 4 stroke portable gasoline generator for the purposes of illustrating its effect in reducing emissions, engine deposits and improving fuel economy without re-jetting the carburetor. This method of carburetion dynamically tunes the venturi effect in the carburetor, allowing for air density, fuel viscosity and fuel type compensation for optimal AFR. Modified and stock generators were tested at various power levels, elevations and temperatures to simulate operational environments. The improvements in emissions and fuel consumption will be presented. In addition, the system has been designed as a bolt-on, low cost alternative to an EFI method of complying with emissions regulations for existing small engine applications.


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