Crashworthiness Prediction of a Composite Bumper System Using RADIOSS 2018-01-0114
In 2016 the United States Automotive Materials Partnership (USAMP) approached several software vendors with the desire to establish the current state-of-the-art of explicit finite element software for predicting the crash behavior of composite laminates as it relates to application in the automotive industry. The nonlinear explicit solver, RADIOSS, was included in the investigation. Coupon and generic component level test data were supplied to help with the development of material models. The innovation of the approach taken with RADIOSS was to use a numerical Design of Experiments (DOE) to simultaneously fit the various modes of material damage and failure for the composite material. Final correlation was to a series of sled tests completed on a composite bumper and crush cans. The RADIOSS prediction of the bumper system crash performance was “blind” because only after the simulation results were submitted to USAMP were the system level test data shared for comparison to the simulation results.