Parameters Analysis of on-Center Handling for Articulated Trucks 2018-01-0136
On-center handling is one of the most important test conditions which are used to evaluate the handling performance of both passenger cars and commercial vehicles. This paper aims at investigating and verifying the influence of parameters on on-center handling of articulated trucks. A full vehicle model, including the steering system, suspension system, cab, frame, trailer and so on, was established in first by measuring the parameters of each component. The comparison of simulation and test results shown that the simulation precision of the vehicle model was up to 80%. Based on the model, the influence analysis of parameters, such as stiffness of steering drag link, steering ratio, kingpin friction, were carried out and were verified through the handling test. The analysis results indicated that larger stiffness of steering drag link, smaller gear ratio could enhance the steer sensitivity and steer stiffness, small kingpin friction is beneficial to the steering return ability.