Browse Publications Technical Papers 2018-01-0190
2018-04-03

A Machine Learning-Genetic Algorithm (ML-GA) Approach for Rapid Optimization Using High-Performance Computing 2018-01-0190

A Machine Learning-Genetic Algorithm (ML-GA) approach was developed to virtually discover optimum designs using training data generated from multi-dimensional simulations. Machine learning (ML) presents a pathway to transform complex physical processes that occur in a combustion engine into compact informational processes. In the present work, a total of over 2000 sector-mesh computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of a heavy-duty engine were performed. These were run concurrently on a supercomputer to reduce overall turnaround time. The engine being optimized was run on a low-octane (RON70) gasoline fuel under partially premixed compression ignition (PPCI) mode. A total of nine input parameters were varied, and the CFD simulation cases were generated by randomly sampling points from this nine-dimensional input space. These input parameters included fuel injection strategy, injector design, and various in-cylinder flow and thermodynamic conditions at intake valve closure (IVC). The outputs (targets) of interest from these simulations included five metrics related to engine performance and emissions. Over 2000 samples generated from CFD were then used to train an ML model that could predict these five targets based on the nine input features. A robust super learner approach was employed to build the ML model, where results from a collection of different ML algorithms were pooled together. Thereafter, a stochastic global optimization genetic algorithm (GA) was used, with the ML model as the objective function, to optimize the input parameters based on a merit function so as to minimize fuel consumption while satisfying CO and NOx emissions constraints. The optimized configuration from ML-GA was found to be very close to that obtained from a sequentially performed CFD-GA approach, where a CFD simulation served as the objective function. In addition, the overall turnaround time was (at least) 75% lower with the ML-GA approach, as the training data was generated from concurrent CFD simulations and employing the ML model as the objective function significantly accelerated the GA optimization. This study demonstrates the potential of ML-GA and high-performance computing (HPC) to reduce the number of CFD simulations to be performed for optimization problems without loss in accuracy, thereby providing significant cost savings compared to traditional approaches.

SAE MOBILUS

Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »

Access SAE MOBILUS »

Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
We also recommend:
TECHNICAL PAPER

Virtual Integration of a VVT Actuator on a Gasoline Engine for Combustion Control

2011-01-1296

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Black Box Dynamic Modeling of a Gasoline Engine for Constrained Model-Based Fuel Economy Optimization

2015-01-1618

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Model Based Exhaust Aftertreatment System Integration for the Development and Calibration of Ultra-Low Emission Concepts

2014-01-1554

View Details

X