Browse Publications Technical Papers 2018-01-0360
2018-04-03

Effects of Ethanol Evaporative Cooling on Particulate Number Emissions in GDI Engines 2018-01-0360

The spark ignition engine particulate number (PN) emissions have been correlated to a particulate matter index (PMI) in the literature. The PMI value addresses the fuel effect on PN emission through the individual fuel species reactivity and vapor pressure. The latter quantity is used to account for the propensity of the non-volatile fuel components to survive to the later part of the combustion event as wall liquid films, which serve as sources for particulate emission. The PMI, however, does not encompass the suppression of vaporization by the evaporative cooling of fuel components, such as ethanol, that have high latent heat of vaporization. This paper assesses this evaporative cooling effect on PN emissions by measurements in a GDI engine operating with a base gasoline which does not contain oxygenate, with a blend of the gasoline and ethanol, and with a blend of the gasoline, ethanol, and a hydrocarbon additive so that the blend has the same PMI as the original gasoline. As such, the dilution and the evaporative cooling effects of the ethanol could be separated. Measurements have also been done with methanol and MTBE. The results show that evaporative cooling effect can significantly change the PN emission. The extent of the change, however, depends on the details of the operating condition such as injection timing, engine coolant temperature, and load.

SAE MOBILUS

Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »

Access SAE MOBILUS »

Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: Download multiple Technical Papers each year? TechSelect is a cost-effective subscription option to select and download 12-100 full-text Technical Papers per year. Find more information here.
We also recommend:
TECHNICAL PAPER

Fuel Effects on Particulate Matter Emissions Variability from a Gasoline Direct Injection Engine

2018-01-0355

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Measured and Predicted Vapor Liquid Equilibrium of Ethanol-Gasoline Fuels with Insight on the Influence of Azeotrope Interactions on Aromatic Species Enrichment and Particulate Matter Formation in Spark Ignition Engines

2018-01-0361

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Mechanism of White Smoke Generation Derived from Hydrocarbons Accumulations on Diesel Oxidation Catalyst

2018-01-0641

View Details

X