Supervisory Model Predictive Control of a Powertrain with a Continuously Variable Transmission 2018-01-0860
This paper describes the design of a supervisory multivariable constrained Model Predictive Control (MPC) system for driver requested axle torque tracking with real-time fuel economy optimization that is scheduled for production by General Motors starting in 2018. The control system has been conceived and co-developed by General Motors and ODYS. The control approach consists of a set of linear MPC controllers scheduled in real-time based on powertrain operating conditions. For each MPC controller, a linear model is obtained by system identification with vehicle and dynamometer data. The supervisory MPC coordinates in real time desired Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) ratio and desired engine torque to satisfy the system requirements, based on estimates of axle torque and engine fuel rate, by solving a constrained optimization problem at each sampling step. Each linear MPC controller is equipped with a Kalman filter to reconstruct the system state from available measurements. Compared to more classical controls, the presented MPC approach achieves better coordination of powertrain actuators to satisfy system requirements, while maintaining robustness with respect to measurement noise, ambient conditions, and part-to-part variations. Moreover, the systematic, model-based framework developed for production enables a potential adaptation of the design to different powertrain architectures.
Citation: Bemporad, A., Bernardini, D., Livshiz, M., and Pattipati, B., "Supervisory Model Predictive Control of a Powertrain with a Continuously Variable Transmission," SAE Technical Paper 2018-01-0860, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4271/2018-01-0860. Download Citation
Alberto Bemporad, Daniele Bernardini, Michael Livshiz, Bharath Pattipati