Browse Publications Technical Papers 2018-01-0865
2018-04-03

Methodological Approach for Matching Gear and Final Drive Ratio for Better Fuel Economy, Performance and Drivability 2018-01-0865

Fuel economy, performance and drivability are the three important parameters for evaluating the vehicle performance. Powertrain matching plays a major role in meeting the above targets. Fuel economy is measured based on city, highway and some user defined driving cycles which can be considered as real world usage profiles. Performance and Drivability is evaluated based on the in-gear, thru-gear (acceleration performance) and grade-ability performance.
The load collective points of the engine greatly influence the engines performance, fuel economy and emissions, which in-turn depends on the N/V ratio of the vehicle. The optimal selection of gear and final drive ratios plays a key role in the optimization of the Powertrain for a particular vehicle.
The current study involves dynamic simulation of the vehicle performance and fuel economy at transient engine test-bed for different gear and final drive ratio combinations using AVL DynoExcat-dynamometer. Based on the experimental results from engine test-bed, subjective and objective evaluation of the vehicle has been performed at the vehicle level for selected final drive ratios. The objective evaluation includes real world and MIDC fuel economy, gear utilization analysis. Finally a methodological process has been established for the selection of final drive ratio and understanding its interaction with vehicle performance and fuel economy.

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