Browse Publications Technical Papers 2018-01-1118

Modeling of Tire-Wet Surface Interaction Using Finite Element Analysis and Smoothed-Particle Hydrodynamics Techniques 2018-01-1118

This paper focuses on predicting the rolling resistance and hydroplaning of a wide base truck tire (Size: 445/50R22.5) on dry and wet surfaces. The rolling resistance and hydroplaning are predicted at various inflation pressures, loads, velocities, and water depths. The wide base truck tire was previously modeled and validated using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) technique in virtual performance software (Pam-Crash). The water is modeled using Smoothed-Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method and Murnaghan equation of state. A water layer is first built on top of an FEA rigid surface to represent a wet surface. The truck tire is then inflated to the desired pressure. A vertical load is then applied to the center of the tire. For rolling resistance tests variable constant longitudinal speeds are applied to the center of the tire. The forces in the vertical and longitudinal directions are computed, and the rolling resistance is calculated. The effect of the longitudinal speed on rolling resistance on the wet surface also includes the prediction of the hydroplaning speed. The results are analyzed, and the effect of each parameter is investigated.


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