Increased focus on vehicle comfort and ride has led the automotive industry to look into low vibration, noise and hardness alternative designs for powertrain system components. In this paper, the vibration theory and dynamic vibration absorber (DVA) theory is presented. The modal analysis of propeller shaft assembly has been accomplished. Based on dynamic vibration absorber principle, performance parameters of dynamic vibration absorber are matched and structure is also designed. LMS equipment is applied to verify the natural frequency of absorber samples. The matching of stiffness and damping of DVA is presented. The dynamic response of drive shaft system based on the mass ratio of DVA is researched in this paper. Results from simulations and tests indicates that the amplitude of propeller shaft resonance can be effectively reduced by attaching a DVA to the long propeller shaft.