Fuel Cell System Development: A Strong Influence on FCEV Performance 2018-01-1305
In this paper, the system development challenges of a fuel cell system are explained using the example of the BREEZE! fuel cell range extender (FC-REX) applied in a FEV Liiona. FEV Liiona is a battery electric vehicle based on a Fiat 500 developed by FEV. It is the first applied 30 kW LT PEM fuel cell system in the subcompact class. Due to the highly integrated system approach and dry cathode operation a compact design of the range extender module with a system power density of 0.45 kW/l can be achieved so that the vehicle interior including trunk remains completely usable.
System development for fuel cells significantly influences performance, efficiency, package, durability and required maintenance effort of a fuel cell electric powertrain. In order to ensure safe and reliable operation, the fuel cell system has to be supplied with a sufficient amount of air, hydrogen and coolant flow. At the same time, the requirements for the auxiliary components necessary for fluid supply differ considerably compared to combustion engines. With respect to the FC-REX application, the pros and cons of selected balance of plant components are explained and evaluated. The BREEZE! FC-REX achieves load dependent system efficiencies between 50 and 40%. An additional range of 140 km without limiting the usability of the vehicle interior can be provided by the FC-REX.