Environmental and Safety Performance of Commercially-available Light-duty Vehicle Tires in North America 2018-01-1336
New technology is enabling tire manufacturers to reduce tire rolling resistance, leading to reduced fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector. This project analyzed current relationships between the environmental and safety performance of commercially-available light-duty tire models in North America. Performance data was rated using the EC No. 1222/2009, and compared against tire price, uniform tire quality grading standards (UTQG), and other attributes. A random selection of tire models was tested, consisting of: 108 all-season, 23 studless winter, and 5 all-weather tire models. All test results were blinded for the purpose of confidentiality. Tire rolling resistance coefficients were measured using the single point ISO 28580 standard, and wet grip index values were measured according to UN-ECE Reg.117. Rolling resistance and wet grip indicators were measured using dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Snow and ice traction ratings were calculated according to the ASTM F1805 procedure.
For the sample of all-season tires, no correlation was observed between rolling resistance and wet grip (0.004 < =R2 <=0.065). For the sample of winter tires, a weak positive correlation was observed between rolling resistance and wet grip (R2 = 0.189), indicating that lower rolling resistance values weakly predict lower wet grip values. A weak negative correlation between rolling resistance and snow traction (0.156 <= R2 < 0.177) was observed, indicating that lower rolling resistance values weakly predict higher snow traction. For the sample of all-weather tires, there was a strong negative correlation between rolling resistance and wet grip (R2=0.708), indicating that lower rolling resistance coefficients strongly predict higher wet grip indices. There was also a strong positive correlation between rolling resistance and snow traction (0.769<=R2<0.779), indicating that lower rolling resistance coefficients strongly predict lower values of snow traction. When categorized according to the tire labeling standards from EC 1222/2009, sample populations trended towards the lower ends of the performance bins for both rolling resistance and wet grip.
Citation: Shafique, H., Richard, B., Christenson, M., and Bayne, S., "Environmental and Safety Performance of Commercially-available Light-duty Vehicle Tires in North America," SAE Technical Paper 2018-01-1336, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4271/2018-01-1336. Download Citation
Hamza Shafique, Brad Richard, Martha Christenson, Sandra Bayne
Transport Canada, Natural Resources Canada