In the challenge of reducing the weight of the vehicle structures, a particular focus has to be done on the interior noise. Indeed, the weight reduction of the structure often implies an increase of the noise in the cabin.
To maintain a constant acoustic performance, acoustic packages often have to be added, the challenge being that the weight of the acoustic materials added remains lower than the weight saved in the structure.
In today’s engineering world, numerical simulation is the primary tool to assess the vibro-acoustic behavior of the vehicle during the design phase. To tackle the challenge of weight reduction, it is necessary to simulate accurately the vibro-acoustic response of the structure including the acoustic treatments.
This paper presents the validation of a simulation method for the vibro-acoustic response of a truck cabin, taking into account the effect of acoustic treatments, in the frequency range [0-200 Hz].
The method combined a modal scheme for the structure and the cavity with a physical scheme for the acoustic treatment (porous materials).
The model consists in a truck cabin with its cavity and five acoustic treatments (three floormats, the headliner and the rear trim panel). A measurement campaign is performed to get reference NTFs, VTFs and local inertances. The model without any treatments is first correlated. The noise reduction given by each treatment alone as well as grouped together is simulated. The comparisons between the simulated and measured results show good agreement both in term of spectrum and amplitude. Although some discrepancies in the low frequency range remain unexplained, the method is considered as validated.