A brain controlled car is an application of brain controlled technology in on-road motor vehicle. Driver can take control of a car by his electroencephalogram (EEG) to move forward, accelerate, as well as turn the steering wheel, and so on. The purposes of the studies on brain controlled car are in one hand to offer a completely new driving style and make people with physical disability to drive a car possible, and in the other hand to use the brain controlled technology as one of the advanced driver assistant methods, to make the driving experience more safe, more comfortable, more intelligent and more compliant to the driver’s intention. This paper summarizes the research status of brain controlled car technology based on both publicly released demo cars and academic articles. The car’s actions that brain controlled, the technology implementation roadmaps, and the major research directions are mainly researched. The technology development trend is also predicted in this paper by introducing the intelligent vehicle related technologies as references. According to the SAE’s levels of driving automation, the brain controlled car is defined from totally human intelligence controlled to hybrid intelligence shared controlled. At present, the studies on brain controlled car are still in an early stage. With the development of intelligent vehicle, a brain controlled car finally develops into full automated with jointly controlling by both human and artificial intelligence. This paper plays a positive role in accelerating the brain controlled technology applications, promoting the research and progress of intelligent vehicle and autonomous driving related technologies, hybrid intelligence, as well as improving driving safety and human-centered driving experiences.