The Use of Ozone in Low Temperature Methane Control for Natural Gas Applications 2018-01-1702
Lean operating natural gas heavy duty applications have advantages in terms of lower CO2 and PM compared to Diesel applications. This makes operating heavy duty applications on natural gas attractive and currently, they do not have to implement an exhaust particulate filter. However, the challenge is controlling methane emissions over a range of vehicle operating conditions. Methane is extremely stable and light off occurs at temperatures above 400 °C, with high efficiency occurring >500 °C and requires high precious metal loaded catalysts in the range of 150 - 200 g/ft3. Under stoichiometric conditions, 500 °C can be met in many engine operating points however, for lean operating applications, the exhaust temperature can be significantly lower than 500 °C posing a significant challenge for exhaust catalytic CH4 control.
This paper will discuss synthetic gas reactor study results using ozone in the feed gas to perform low temperature methane control. A range of catalysts were characterised for the development of low temperature methane control and a non-precious metal catalyst was found to give high efficiency at low temperatures. The best catalyst screened did not contain PGM and was a current production catalyst that gave >60% CH4 control at 220 °C, in the presence of water. All other catalysts screened gave no significant methane control activity at low temperatures. The feed gas composition played a key role in the peak efficiency obtained. The data shows a significant improvement in ozone enhanced catalysis compared to more traditional precious metal based CH4 control routes.
Matthew Keenan, Jacques Nicole, Damodara Poojary
Ricardo (UK), Ricardo Inc.
International Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting