Browse Publications Technical Papers 2018-28-0074

Comparative studies of different VGT designs on performance and smoke of CRDe engine 2018-28-0074

Diesel engines have occupied a significant position in passenger car applications nowadays. Turbochargers find a very prominent role in diesel engines of all applications in order to achieve desired power and better fuel economy. Gaining higher torque at lower engine speeds with low smoke levels is a very tough task with fixed geometry turbochargers. Variable geometry turbochargers are capable of providing better torque at lower speeds and reduced smoke emissions on CRDe engines. The VGT types used in this study are straight profile nozzle vanes (sample A) and curved profile nozzle vanes (sample B). The curved profile vanes as seen in sample B results in reduced variation of circumferential pressure distortions. Curved blade profile vane sample results in better low speed torque along with reduced fuel consumption and smoke emissions when compared to straight vane profile sample. Finally 5.5% of improved torque at lower speed was obtained with the equivalence ratio maintaining constant and optimizing the combustion variables ensuring safer smoke limits.


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