Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-01-0040
2019-01-15

Knock Sensor Based Virtual Cylinder Pressure Sensor 2019-01-0040

Typically the combustion in a direct injected compression ignited internal combustion engine is open-loop controlled. The introduction of a cylinder pressure sensor opens up the possibility of a virtual combustion sensor which could enable closed-loop combustion control and thus the potential to counteract effects such as engine part to part variation, component ageing and fuel quality diversity.
Closed-loop combustion control requires precise, robust and preferably cheap sensors. This paper presents a virtual cylinder pressure sensor based on the signal from the inexpensive but well proven knock sensor.
The method used to convert the knock sensor signal into a pressure estimate included the stages: Phase correcting the raw signal, Filtering the raw signal, Scaling the signal to known thermodynamic laws and provided engine sensors signals and Reconstructing parts of the signal with other known models and assumptions.
The modelled cylinder pressure shows high correlation with the measured pressure trace and it was concluded that it is possible to estimate many important combustion parameters - such as maximum pressure, mass fraction burned and total heat release.

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