Simulation of system brake efficiency in a Double Compressions-Expansion Engine-concept (DCEE) based on experimental combustion data 2019-01-0073
The double compression-expansion engine concepts (DCEE) are split-cycle concepts where the compression, combustion, expansion and gas exchange strokes occur in two or more different cylinders. Previous simulation studies reveal there is a potential to improve brake efficiency with these engine concepts due to improved thermodynamic and mechanical efficiencies. As a continuation of this project this paper studies an alternative layout of the DCEE-concept. The concept studied in this paper has three different cylinders, a compression, a combustion and an expansion cylinder. Overall system indicated and brake efficiency estimations were based on both engine experiments and simulations. The engine experiments were carried out at 10 different operating points and 5 fuelling rates (between 98.2 and 310.4 mg/cycle injection mass) at an engine speed of 1200 rpm. The inlet manifold pressure was varied between 3 and 5 bar. Due to concerns with structural stability the peak cylinder pressure during the engine experiments was limited to 210 bar. Exhaust backpressure was limited to 8 bar due to thermal stress on the exhaust valves. The engine experiments reveal that a gross indicated efficiency (GIE) of 47 % is achieved at most of the operating points. There were cases where GIE was below 45 % due to high heat loss and degraded combustion efficiency.
The data obtained from the engine experiments were then used as input into the full DCEE-engine simulations. System brake efficiency was determined by estimating friction loss in the simulations. These simulation and friction estimations suggests a system brake efficiency of 41.8 % at the lowest fuelling rate (98.2 mg/cycle) is achieved. Increasing engine load improves efficiency due to lower relative intercooling loss and improved mechanical efficiency. A peak system brake efficiency of 52.8 % is achieved at a very high injection mass (275.6 mg/cycle) and 5 bar Pinlet setting. A further increase in injection mass to 310.4 mg/cycle results in a high increase in heat loss which causes system brake efficiency to decrease to 49.9 %.
Nhut Lam, Per Tunestal, Arne Andersson
Lund University, Volvo Global Truck Tech. Powertrain Eng.
International Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting