Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-01-0103
2019-01-16

Improving Coordination and Collaboration in Smart Transportation Development Projects Using Model Based Process Design 2019-01-0103

The development of transportation is considered a significant driver for social progress. It allows people to interact and enables delivery of goods and services around the world. Smart transportation is a term relating to advanced applications set to introduce and/or improve transportation services, with the purpose of improving safety, providing higher productivity and efficiency, and allowing for increasing environmental friendliness and better life quality. Smart transportation is typically identified with technological advancements, and, yet, these are not enough in order to deliver the desirable progress. Introducing smart transportation capabilities and solutions involves the development and integration of multiple, interfacing systems and technologies by various vendors, to compose a complex System of Systems. Such development projects are typically asynchronous, set to satisfy multiple stakeholders; and this presents a noteworthy challenge. Furthermore, the state of the practice of planning such projects is considered poor. A project, by definition, is a single, transient effort, and this nature often serves as an excuse for negligent planning and improper maintenance of project plans. This is in contrast to known best practices, including those featured in transportation related guidelines such as ISO-26262 (“Road vehicles – Functional safety”) and DO-178 (“Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification”). In our paper we first describe our novel, model based framework for development process design – the PROVE framework. The framework embodies insights gathered from researching process design methods and tools as well as by observing dozens of development projects, and was designed for usability in order to support easy adoption by practitioners such as system/principle engineers and technical managers. Then, based on our experience in various projects, we detail two mechanisms of the framework that allow for better project coordination, and demonstrate how these address the issues of integration between various system development projects and of regulation compliance.

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