Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-01-0115

Vehicle Diagnostics Using Prescriptive Analytics, Machine Learning, Cyber Security and Blockchain: A Case Study 2019-01-0115

With the increasing demand for automation in automobiles, there is a necessity for an on-board-diagnostics (OBD) or self-diagnosis system. This trend was first introduced by Volkswagen in 1968 to check the capability of fuel injected. But in 1980 General motors gave OBD a new platform by implementing a proprietary interface and protocol for testing of the Engine control unit (ECU). An autonomous car consists of many ECU’s, which includes Break Control, Transmission Control, Wheel Control, and many other to control self-driving functions. The OBD consists of a collection of information from these parts of vehicle and updating driver with results by using Prescriptive analytics and Deep learning techniques. The predictive and prescriptive analytics provides highly pertinent action suggestion to create custom and personalized experiences for the customer. For onboard safety, some parameters such as speed limit, drunk driver detection and other can be added. Feedback regarding the real-time status of the vehicle is to be sent to the driver. Also, in-vehicle storage such as black box or local storage such as SDcard for storing the privacy-sensitive data is an absolute benefit. Such upgradation in the vehicle provides the user convenience but also increases the possibility of attack from malicious malware. These attacks may include location tracking, VIN cloning, remote hijacking, etc. Also, the privacy of the owner and service provider may be at risk. Hence, network security is a crucial step to fortify the connectivity in autonomous vehicles. To overcome such a challenge, blockchain technology is proposed. Blockchain was introduced by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008 as the public transaction database of the Bitcoin. The main feature of BC in Vehicle diagnostics is the almost unhackable security, immutability, and privacy protection. A system which supports secure and private contract between the owner and service provider can be built with Blockchain technology


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