Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-01-0128
2019-04-02

Driver’s response prediction using Naturalistic Data Set 2019-01-0128

Evaluating the safety of Autonomous Vehicles (AV) is a challenging problem, especially in traffic conditions involving dynamic interactions. A thorough evaluation of the vehicle's decisions at all possible critical scenarios is necessary for estimating and validating its safety. However, predicting the response of the vehicle to dynamic traffic conditions can be the first step in the complex problem of understanding vehicle's behavior. This predicted response of the vehicle can be used in validating vehicle's safety. In this paper, models based on Machine Learning were explored for predicting and classifying driver's response. The Naturalistic Driving Study dataset (NDS), which is part of the Strategic Highway Research Program-2 (SHRP2) was used for training and validating these Machine Learning models. Various popular Machine Learning Algorithms were used for classifying and predicting driver's response, such as Extremely Randomized Trees and Gaussian Mixture Model based Hidden Markov Model, which are widely used in multiple domains. For classifying driver's response, longitudinal acceleration vs lateral acceleration plot (Ax-Ay plot) was divided into nine different classes and selected Machine Learning models were trained for predicting the class of driver's response. Performances of models for classification were tabulated and it is observed that Extremely Randomized Trees based model had better prediction accuracies in comparison with other models when fit using SHRP2 data. The input features were reduced using dimension reduction techniques to reduce the computation time by over 70%. Keywords: Hidden Markov Model, Extremely Randomized Trees, ADAS & SHRP-2

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