Numerical study of turbulence and fuel-air mixing within a scavenged pre-chamber using RANS and LES 2019-01-0198
It is well-known that the spatial distribution of turbulence intensity and fuel concentration at spark-time play a pivotal role on the flame development within the pre-chamber in gas engines equipped with a scavenged pre-chamber. Combustion within the pre-chamber is in turn a determining factor in terms of combustion behaviour in the main chamber, and accordingly it influences the engine efficiency as well as pollutant emissions such as NOx and unburned hydrocarbons. This paper presents a numerical analysis of fuel concentration and turbulence distribution at spark time for an automotive-sized scavenged pre-chamber mounted at the head of a rapid compression-expansion machine (RCEM). Two different pre-chamber orifice orientations are considered: straight and tilted nozzles. The latter introduce a swirling flow within the pre-chamber. Simulations have been carried out using with two different turbulence models: Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) and Large-Eddy Simulation (LES). Results of the RANS turbulence model have been compared with multi-cycle averaged LES results in order to assess the performance of the RANS model in predicting an accurate pre-chamber filling process until spark time. The orientation of the orifices was observed to have a profound impact on the spatial distribution of fuel concentration and turbulence intensity around the spark-plug. Overall, the RANS model employed was found to provide very good results.
Michele Bolla, Evgeniy Shapiro, Nick Tiney, Panagiotis Kyrtatos, Maria Kotzagianni, Konstantinos Boulouchos
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Ricardo UK Ltd