Combined Technologies for Efficiency Improvement on a 1.0 L Turbocharged GDI Engine 2019-01-0233
Cooperated with a local Chinese brand, Geely, the goal of this research is to improve the thermal efficiency on an extremely downsized 3-cylinder 1.0 L turbocharged GDI engine. Effects of compression ratio, low pressure cooled EGR, valve timing and viscosity of oil on fuel economy were studied. The results show that increasing compression ratio (from 9.6 to 12) can improve fuel economy at relative low load (below 12 bar BMEP), but has negative effect at high load due to increased knock intensity. EGR can significantly reduce the pumping loss at low load, optimize combustion phase and reduce exhaust gas temperature. Therefore, the fuel consumption is decreased at all test points. The average brake thermal efficiency (BTE) benefit percentage is 3.47% with 9.6 compression ratio and 5.33 % with 12 compression ratio. However, at higher load (over 18bar BMEP), EGR needs to be reduced to reach the target load, which would affect its beneficial to efficiency.
Combined high compression ratio and EGR, the highest BTE is increased from 36.55% to 38.95% at 2500r/min 14bar BMEP, in which compression ratio and EGR contribute an absolute increase of BTE by 0.36% and 2.04% separately. Based on that, valve timing was optimized and lower viscosity oil was used. The highest BTE was further enhanced to 39.53%, in which optimization of valve timing and lower viscosity oil contribute an absolute increase of BTE by 0.34% and 0.24% separately.
Besides, engine performance at full load was investigated. The results show that there is power loss at full load after increasing compression ratio. EGR is not applicable to recover the torque with high compression ratio, in contrast, it would increase combustion instability and decrease the torque. Fuel enrichment and reducing coolant temperature are two effective ways to recover the torque but scarifying engine efficiency.
Denghao Zhu, Yuedong Chao, Jun Deng, Zongjie Hu, Liguang Li, Li Guan, Chen Yang, Yuan Shen
Tongji Univ, Ningbo Geely Royal Engine Components Co