STUDY OF FLASH BOILING SPRAY COMBUSTION IN A SPARK IGNITION DIRECT INJECTION OPTICAL ENGINE USING DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING DIAGNOSTICS 2019-01-0252
Flash boiling spray has been proven to be a useful method in providing finer fuel droplet and stronger evaporation in favor of creating a homogeneous fuel-air mixture. Combustion characteristics of flash boiling spray are thus valuable to be investigated systematically for aiding the development of efficient internal combustion system. An experimental study of flash spray boiling combustion in a SIDI optical engine under cold start has been conducted. The fuel, Iso- octane, was used across all tests. Three fuel spray conditions experimented in the study: normal liquid, transitional flash boiling and flare flash boiling sprays, which were conditioned to the superheated degree -10°C, 20°C and 50°C respectively. A small quartz insert on the piston enables optical access for observing combustion process; non-intrusive measurements on flame radicals has been carried out using a high-speed color camera. With the use of digital image processing and color analysis, the imaging system was turned into an abstract multi-spectral system to determine the characteristics of flame emission. In addition, the near infra region was capable of being discriminated from the rest regions of the flame using HSV color model, and a two-dimensional transient flame equivalence ratio distribution was able to be plotted based on the camera color ratio. The blueish flame area is found to increase, and less yellowish flame appears, when implementing flash boiling spray under cold start condition. It is found that flash boiling spray contributes the reduction of particulate number (PN) emissions in exhaust gas and makes the improvement of indicated mean effective pressure-gross (IMEPg), leading to more efficient combustion in SIDI engine under cold start.