Industry 4.0 and Automotive 4.0: challenges and opportunities for designing new vehicle components for Automated and/or Electric Vehicles 2019-01-0504
The interrelationship between the respective paradigms of Industry 4.0 and Automotive 4.0 are addressed, with focus on the central role of automotive components.
Industry 4.0 activities are focused on the pervasive digitalization of production processes, Automotive 4.0 is focused on the digitalization of the mobility process. In the middle of such two big and pervasive digitalization courses, a crucial role is played by automotive components. The sensorization of components may be useful both for the digitalization of the manufacturing process but also for the monitoring, during lifetime use, of both automotive components and the whole vehicle.
Sensorization is expensive, but: it is useful for reducing production costs, it allows substantial mass reduction (lightweight construction, improving Electric Vehicle range), it may be useful or even necessary for Automated vehicles to allow a proper constant monitoring for safety purposes.
Sensorization should avoid a heavy and vulnerable cable network within the vehicle. So a proper wireless communication technology is to be developed.
The above concepts have a great impact on both active and passive safety.
Referring to active safety, special focus is devoted on the needs of future automated and connected vehicles. The increased costs and complexity due to the total sensorization of safety components could be mitigated by the usage of sensors during the manufacturing process, to raise quality and facilitate manufacturing. Examples referring to tyres, brakes and electrical drivelines are being developed.
Referring to passive/structural safety, special focus is devoted on smart and lightweight structures. Embedding sensors into cheap automotive components allows lifetime condition monitoring opening unreferenced opportunities for CO2 reduction.
Gianpiero R M Mastinu, Francesco cadini, Massimiliano Gobbi