Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-01-0552
2019-04-02

Mixing-Limited Combustion of Alcohol Fuels in a Diesel Engine 2019-01-0552

Diesel-fueled, heavy-duty engines are critical to global economies, but unfortunately they are currently coupled to the rising price and challenging emissions of Diesel fuel. Public awareness and increasingly stringent emissions standards have made Diesel OEMs consider possible alternatives to Diesel, including electrification, fuel cells, and spark ignition. While these technologies will likely find success in certain market segments, there are still many applications that will continue to require the performance and liquid-fueled simplicity of Diesel-style engines. Three-way catalysis represents a possible low-cost and highly-effective pathway to reducing Diesel emissions, but that aftertreatment system has typically been incompatible with Diesel operation due to the prohibitively high levels of soot formation at the required stoichiometric fuel-air ratios.
This paper explores a possible method of integrating three-way catalysis with Diesel-style engine operation. The proposed concept utilizes a high-temperature combustion system-enabled by a combination of thermal insulation, reduced turbocharger aftercooling, and exhaust gas retention-to combust low-cetane “sootless” fuels like ethanol, methanol, and natural gas in a traditional Diesel-style combustion mode (i.e. mixing-limited diffusive combustion, rather than HCCI-like strategies). The proposed concept has demonstrated the ability to meet EPA 2010 soot emissions limits without a particulate filter, while also maintaining a stoichiometric exhaust composition that is compatible with three-way catalysis. Further, the proposed concept can meet, and even exceed, baseline Diesel engine efficiency by combining the high compression ratio Diesel engine design with reduced heat transfer losses. Finally, use of mixing-limited, Diesel-style combustion drastically simplifies combustion phasing, and limits rate of rise. These early results motivate additional work on this concept, further optimizing components for high-temperature operation on alcohol fuels, and integrating the results into a commercial multi-cylinder engine demonstration.

SAE MOBILUS

Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »

Access SAE MOBILUS »

Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: Download multiple Technical Papers each year? TechSelect is a cost-effective subscription option to select and download 12-100 full-text Technical Papers per year. Find more information here.
We also recommend:
TECHNICAL PAPER

The Impact of Natural Gas-Hydrogen Blends on Internal Combustion Engines Performance and Emissions

2009-24-0102

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Methanol Lean Burn in an Auto-Ignition DI Engine

980531

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Experimental Investigation of Applying Raw Fuel Injection Technique for Reducing Methane in Aftertreatment of Diesel Dual Fuel Engines Operating under Medium Load Conditions

2011-01-2093

View Details

X