Performance Emissions and Combustion analysis of CI Engine Using Ethyl Ester Kusum oil and Butanol Blends 2019-01-0568
Globalization, urbanization and industrialization have paved the way for manufacturing activities and production, maintaining standards and competition which have eventually resulted in skyrocketing fuel prices, a drastic increase in carbon emissions as well as exhaustion of petroleum resources at an alarming level. Multiple researchers have therefore explored alternative fuels for diesel engines. Owing to their failure in increasing the efficiency of the engine and decreasing emissions, both researchers and industries (large and small scale) are being attracted towards biodiesel which welcomes sound assurance of solving major energy problems encountered by one and all. Biodiesel is an alternate, renewable and biodegradable fuel having environmental benefits ranging from minimizing global warming pollution to decreasing the country’s dependence on oil and pushing economical, sustainable and smart growth of the country. Kusum (Schleichera oleosa) oil still has great potential which has to be realized. In this paper, the research efforts are directed towards improving the performance of C.I. engine using ethyl ester Kusum oil (Vegetable oil) and butanol blended with diesel as a fuel. No modification in the engine was needed in order to use this blend. The performance of a single-cylinder, four stroke, Compression Ignition engine was studied using Kusum oil ethyl ester and its blend with diesel, having the engine being operated at various loading conditions with water cooling system. Engine performance factors such as brake power(bp), brake specific fuel consumption(bsfc), brake thermal efficiency (BTE) etc. and emissions of CO, CO2, unburnt HC, NOx, smoke opacity were measured to analyze the behavior of the diesel engine running on biodiesel.