Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-01-0658
2019-04-02

A Qualitative and Quantitative Aerodynamic Study of a Rotating Wheel inside a Simplified Vehicle Body and Wheel Liner Cavity 2019-01-0658

As automotive OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturer) struggle to reach a balance between Design and Performance, environmental legislations continues to demand more rapid gains in vehicle efficiency. As a result, more attention is being given to the contributions of both tire and wheels. Not only tire rolling resistance, but also tire and wheel aerodynamics are being shown to be contributors to overall efficiency. To date, many studies have been done to correlate CFD simulations of rotating wheels both in open and closed wheeled environments to windtunnel results. Whereas this ensures proper predictive capabilities, little focus has been given to thoroughly explaining the physics that govern this complex environment. This study seeks to exhaustively investigate the complex interactions between the ground, body, and a rotating tire/wheel. Quantitative and Qualitative assessments will be made of wakes, surface pressures, potential flow and how it changes in response to these wakes and wheel rotation. Ultimately, it was concluded from this study that the contribution of the tire rubber shape and wheel liner Cavity plays the largest role, impacting both the spoke and overall aerodynamics of the wheels and body.

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