High precise benchmarks by CSD (Computational Solid Dynamics) with mesh free methods 2019-01-0797
The virtual optimisation of tooling equipment is nowadays one of the common challenges in mechanical serial production. Even some numerical Eulerian approaches (grid-based) exist for modelling solid materials under dynamic loading, most of them are not very successful. Especially the solids undergoing large deformation and the subsequent material separation, propagating cracks demonstrate the limitations: variables become discontinuous across the crack surface, and the computational domain loses its continuum nature. Grid-based methods are not naturally equipped to deal with such situations due to the mesh distortion, mesh entanglement and requirement of mesh refinement. Very promising alternatives to the Eulerian methods are meshfree Lagrangian approaches. Among the present Lagrangian approaches, Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) is entirely meshfree and naturally equipped to handle large material deformation. In SPH the computational domain is discretised by a set of particles. A given particle interacts only with its neighbouring particles through a kernel function whose support is defined by the smoothing length. The Bell-shape of the kernel function ensures that interaction is at a maximum between immediate neighbours and gradually decreases with an increase in distance between interacting particles. During the deformation process, previously interacting particles may leave each other's influence domains and cease to interact further which makes SPH natural in handling large material deformation. Based on the SPH, a solver with multi GPU acceleration for modelling solid materials has been developed, and this is proven to be the most effective in several practical applications involving large deformation and material failure. In the present work, we discuss the current needs for virtual tool optimisation, the limitations of existing simulation software and the potential advantages and disadvantages of Lagrangian particle-based approaches especially SPH.