Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-01-0968
2019-04-02

On-Vehicle Fuel Cut Testing for Gasoline Particulate Filter Applications 2019-01-0968

With the introduction of a stringent particulate number (PN) limit and real driving emission (RDE) requirements, gasoline particulate filters (GPF) are widely adopted for gasoline engines in Europe and China. The filter collects soot and ash. Like in diesel applications, the collected soot will continuously burn under favorable exhaust conditions. However, at extreme conditions, there could be large amounts of soot build-up, which may induce a highly exothermal event, potentially damaging the filter. Thus, it is important to understand what drives the over-heating in application, and develop counter measures.
In this study, an on-vehicle fuel cut (FC) testing procedure was developed. The testing was conducted on two vehicles, one gasoline direct injection (GDI) vehicle and one multiple port injection (MPI) vehicle, with different exhaust systems designs (a close coupled GPF and an under floor GPF) and catalyst coating levels (bare and heavily coated GPFs). Good test repeatability was achieved through carefully controlling testing conditions. Also discussed in the paper is a simple analytical 0D model, which can very well capture the mass transport and reaction fundamentals, such as filter design parameters, coating level, engine conditions, and filter operating aspects.

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