Subsection Coordinated Control during Mode Transition for a Compound Power-Split System 2019-01-1214
Power-split transmission is considered as one of the major technologies for hybrid electric vehicles. It utilizes two electric motors/generators (MG) and a power-split device (planetary gear sets) to make the speed of internal combustion engine (ICE) independent from the vehicle speed, and in that way enables the ICE to operate in a high efficiency region under all driving cycles. In this study, a compound power-split hybrid system integrated with a two-planetary gear train is proposed. To suppress the vehicle jerk intensity and improve the driving comfort during the transition from EV (Electric Vehicle) mode to HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle) mode, a torque coordinated control strategy is derived. Based on the analysis of mode transition in different sections, mathematical models of each section are deduced, respectively. Then a model-based torque coordinated control method is used to solve out the target output torques of ICE, MGs and clutches in each mode transition section. To reduce the impact of engine ripple torque during the ES (Engine Start) process, a fuzzy control and a two degrees of freedom active damping control algorithms are designed. In addition, a motor control algorithm is proposed to compensate the transition torque owing to the delayed response of engine torque. Since it is difficult to precisely measure the actual torque of ICE, an estimated algorithm based on the actual torques of MGs and the torque constraint relations of the planetary gear train is derived. To validate the developed control algorithm, a compound power-split hybrid powertrain test bench based on the planetary gear train and similarity principle is built. Both the simulation and bench test results show that the proposed coordinated control method effectively suppress the fluctuation of the output shaft torque and vehicle jerk.