Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-01-1502

Reducing Vehicle Interior NVH by Means of Locally Resonant Metamaterial Patches on Rear Shock Towers 2019-01-1502

Stringent regulations for CO2 emissions and noise pollution reduction demand lighter and improved Noise, Vibration Harshness (NVH) solutions in automotive industries. Designing light, compact and, at the same time, improved NVH solutions is often a challenge, as low noise and vibration levels often require heavy and bulky additions, especially to be effective in the low frequency regime. Recently, locally resonant metamaterials have emerged among the novel NVH solutions because of their performant NVH properties combined with lightweight and compact design. Due to the characteristic of stop band behavior, frequency ranges where free wave propagation is inhibited, metamaterials can beat the mass law, be it at least in some tunable frequency ranges. Previously the authors demonstrated how metamaterials can reduce the vibrations in a simplified shock tower upon shaker excitation. In this work, the authors apply the metamaterial concept on the real rear shock towers of a vehicle. In order to be able to benchmark the solution, a test vehicle is chosen, which is equipped in its commercial version with a 1.46 kg tuned vibration absorber (TVA) on each of the rear shock towers as NVH solution. It is shown that the metamaterial solution allows to achieve similar interior NVH performance, while reducing the added mass by 48%. The metamaterial additions are realized through additive manufacturing and they are designed to be effective around 190 Hz, as was the case for the original solution. Both experimental results and numerical validation of a road test are presented.


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