Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-01-1984
2019-06-10

Experimental Aerodynamic Simulation of a Scallop Ice Accretion on a Swept Wing 2019-01-1984

Understanding the aerodynamic impact of swept-wing ice accretions is a crucial component of the design of modern aircraft. Computer-simulation tools are commonly used to approximate ice shapes, so the necessary level of detail or fidelity of those simulated ice shapes must be understood relative to high-fidelity representations of the ice. Previous tests were performed in the NASA Icing Research Tunnel to acquire high-fidelity ice shapes. From this database, full-span artificial ice shapes were designed and manufactured for two semispan wing models based on the CRM65 which has been established as the full-scale baseline for this swept-wing project. These models were tested in the Walter H. Beech wind tunnel at Wichita State University and at the ONERA F1 facility. Past work focused on only three different fidelity variations for ice shapes based on multiple icing conditions. This work presents a more detailed investigation into several fidelity representations of a single highly three-dimensional scallop ice accretion. Sensitivity to roughness size and application technique on a low-fidelity smooth ice shape is described. The data indicate that the aerodynamic performance is not especially sensitive to the grit variations. Spanwise discontinuities were introduced to a low-fidelity ice shape in an attempt to quantify the impact of those variation in the high-fidelity ice shape. While the lift data indicate good agreement between the high-fidelity ice shapes and the low-fidelity ice shapes with spanwise discontinuities, a closer investigation of the data suggests potential, significant differences in the flowfield.

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