Extension of a 2D Algorithm for Catch Efficiency Calculation to Three Dimensions 2019-01-2013
Accurate calculation of the catch efficiency β is of paramount importance for any ice accretion calculation since β is the most important factor in determining the mass of ice accretion. A new scheme has been proposed recently in  for accurately calculating β on a discretized two-dimensional geometry based on the results of a Lagrangian droplet trajectory integrator (start and impact conditions).
This paper proposes an extension to the algorithm in Ref. , which is applicable to three-dimensional surfaces with arbitrary surface discretizations. The 3D algorithm maintains the positive attributes of the original 2D algorithm, namely mass conservation of the impinging water, capability to deal with overlapping impingement regions and with crossing trajectories, computational efficiency of the algorithm, and low number of trajectories required on input to reach good accuracy in catch efficiency. At the same time, the new 3D algorithm avoids typical problems of other approaches to determine the catch efficiency β, like noisy β (results varying significantly between neighboring surface cells), missing catch efficiency for surface cells surrounded by other cells with β > 0, catch efficiency β not available on the discretized surface but only on an intermediate plane, or a not working interpolation of β between an intermediated plane and the actual discretized surface.
The paper first describes in detail the extension of the algorithm in  to three dimensions. It then continues with the application of the algorithm to two test problems, one being the wing/belly-fairing intersection of the Common Research Model (CRM) in clean configuration and the other being a generic scoop intake installed on a generic forward fuselage. The paper closes with ideas for further development of the algorithm.
Ref.  Bartels, C., Cliquet, J., and Bautista, C., “Improvement of Ice Accretion Prediction Capability of the ONERA 2D Icing Code”, SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-2103, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-2103
Christian Bartels, Thomas Neubauer, Wolfgang Hassler
Airbus, FH JOANNEUM GmbH
International Conference on Icing of Aircraft, Engines, and Structures