Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-01-2042

Numerical Optimisation of a Helicopter Engine Inlet Electrothermal Ice Protection System 2019-01-2042

This paper details the process involved in the numerical optimisation of a helicopter engine inlet electrothermal ice protection system. The process is demonstrated using a generic intake and flight conditions, due to confidentiality of the actual design. The numerical optimisation was performed using a combination of 2D and 3D methods to define the required heated area, power density, locations and settings for temperature control sensors. The use of 2D design tools allows a rapid iteration process to be performed, leading to the possibility of a higher level of optimisation within the allowable time-frame compared to the use of full 3D methods. Different flight settings (different Angle of Attack and Angle of Sideslip) were analysed, for two different droplets diameters (MVD values of 20 microns and 30 microns, as specified in the requirements employed for the programme, DEF-STAN 00-970). An iterative transient thermal analysis was then performed, over the required temperature range of 0C to -30C, to optimise the heater placement and heater powers, assessing the predicted level of ice accretion in all cases. Assessment in dry conditions was also performed in order to ensure that structural over-temperature did not occur. The positions of embedded temperature sensors were defined as part of the analysis, including the temperature control values which would feed into the controller. The process was deemed to be successful as the final design was successfully tested in flight and in an icing wind tunnel facility.


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