Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-01-2344

Gasoline Fuel Sprays Characterization at Very-High Injection Pressures 2019-01-2344

In the modern GDI systems, the optimization of the fuel injection process is essential to prepare an air-fuel mixture capable to promote efficient combustion and reduce fuel consumption and pollutant emissions. A key feature for a better atomization is the fuel injection pressure. The increasing of the injection pressure is considered a good way for particle number (PN) reduction due to improved spray atomization, faster evaporation and better mixture formation.
In this paper, a multi-hole GDI injector was tested to investigate the effects of very high injection pressures (IVHP), in addition to different ambient densities and temperatures, on the fuel spray morphology, in a cycle-resolved images analysis. Commercial gasoline was injected at the pressures ranging between 40.0 to 70.0 MPa, at gas densities varying between 1.12 to 11.5 kg/m3, and gas temperature up to 200°C. Sequences of liquid and vapor images of the injected fuel were captured by Mie-scattering and shadowgraph optical techniques on a high-speed C-Mos camera and the characteristic parameters of the jets, tip penetrations, cone-angles, and fuel spread were extracted for both the phases by a customized image-processing procedure developed in C#. The effects of the single parameters affecting the spray evolutions, remaining constant the residual parameters, are reported and analyzed.


Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »


Members save up to 17% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: Download multiple Technical Papers each year? TechSelect is a cost-effective subscription option to select and download 12-100 full-text Technical Papers per year. Find more information here.