The Investigation of the Structure and Origins of Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) Deposits. 2019-01-2356
The legislative pressures on environmental targets combined with fuel economy requirements have led to the GDI engine enjoying a renaissance. This is because the technology is considered to be the leader in meeting those requirements. However it is also recognized that the engine suffers from injector deposits (ID) and that understanding the formation of and characterization of such deposits is required. This study will deal with the characterization and morphology of injector deposits as well as the fuel constituents leading to such deposits. A number of analytical techniques were used to undertake this such as Scanning Electron microscopy and X-ray Fluorescence (SEM/EDS) mapping with Fourier Transform Infra-red mapping, in conjunction with mass spectrometry studies. Further, work will be described regarding new deposit control additives (DCAs) for GDI which are more effective than traditional DCAs.