Simulation Study on Driving Range at High and Low Temperature 2019-01-5071
With the popularity of EVs, driving range has become one of the focuses of people's concern. The anxiety about driving range was particularly evident in winter and summer, because of the use of air conditioning at high temperatures and heating at low temperatures, as well as the power supply capacity of power batteries at different temperatures. At the same time, the energy consumption of thermal management components and the influence of thermal management on the efficiency of other components also need to be considered. The high and low temperature driving range is studied by means of simulation, which has the characteristics of low cost and fast speed. For the vehicles simulated in the article, driving range at 25 °C is 240 km, at -30 °C reduced to 34% (81.9 km), at 40 °C reduced to 73% (176 km).
In this paper, the simulation modeling and analysis on the driving range of an EV are carried out. The simulation model includes air conditioning system and crew cabin, power battery system and its cooling system, motor system and its cooling system, driving system and control system, etc. This paper provides a simulation method and research method for studying the performance of EVs at high and low temperature, and provides a theoretical basis and realization form for improving driving range by means of control and parts optimization.