Impact of Cooled EGR on Performance and Emissions of a Turbocharged Spark-Ignition Engine Under Low-Full Load Conditions 2019-24-0021
The stringent worldwide exhaust emission legislations for CO2 and pollutants require significant efforts to increase both the combustion efficiency and the emission quality of internal combustion engines. With this aim, several solutions are continuously produced to improve the combustion efficiency of spark ignition engines. Among the various solutions, EGR represents a well-established technology to improve the gasoline engine performance and the nitrogen-oxides emissions.
This work presents the results of an experimental investigation on the effects of the EGR technique on combustion evolution, knock tendency, performance and emissions of a small–size turbocharged PFI SI engine, equipped with an external cooled EGR system.
Measurements are carried out at different engine speeds, on a wide range of loads and EGR levels. The standard engine calibration is applied at the reference test conditions. Then, the exhaust gas are recirculated and the load is controlled by adjusting the intake pressure, the injection and the spark timing.
The main results show a significant reduction in specific fuel consumption at low load due to the lower pumping losses when EGR is active, independent on the engine speed. At high load, a lower improvement in fuel economy has been found, mainly due to a slight reduction in the knock tendency. EGR results in a reduction in NO emission at each engine speed and load, with penalties in in HC emission.
Luca Marchitto, Cinzia Tornatore, Gerardo Valentino, Luigi Teodosio
Istituto Motori CNR, University of Naples
14th International Conference on Engines & Vehicles