Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-24-0084
2019-09-09

Modeling of a Spark Ignition Engine with Turbo-Generator for Energy Recovery 2019-24-0084

Increasingly stringent regulations in the field of pollutant are forcing engine manufacturers to adopt new solutions to contain exhaust emissions, such as Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) or Full Electric Vehicles (FEV).
Still far from the wide diffusion of FEV limited from electrochemical storage systems together with the difficulty of creating adequate infrastructure distributed throughout the territory to recharging batteries, the HEV seems to be actually a better solution. The hybrid vehicle is already able to guarantee satisfactory autonomy and low pollution levels by combining the advantages offered by the two technologies of thermal and electric propulsion.
Currently on the market there are several types of hybrid vehicles, with different degree of hybridization (electric motor power versus propulsion total power), capacity to store electricity and type of scheme constructive adopted for the integration between the thermal engine and the electric machine.
A particular interest is getting the mild-hybrid (or light hybridization) and the micro-hybrid (or minimum hybridization) with 48V electrical system added to the classic 12V one.
A possible solution could be the electric turbo-compounding system where a turbine coupled to a generator (turbo-generator) uses the exhaust gas flow of a reciprocating engine to harvest waste heat energy and convert it into electrical power. In this way, the power generated from the system can be used to feed local electrical loads such as engine auxiliaries, increasing the whole system efficiency.
The present study deals with the simulation of a spark ignition engine, present in a test room of Istituto Motori (CNR), including a turbo-generator at the exhaust to evaluate the advantages in terms of overall efficiency. The internal combustion engine model was developed by using a 1D code (GT-Power software), while the turbo-generator and the electric system are described in the Matlab/Simulink environment.
The results obtained showed an appreciable increase in the overall efficiency.

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