Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-24-0106
2019-09-09

A Study on Combustion Characteristics of a High Compression Ratio SI Engine with High Pressure Gasoline Injection 2019-24-0106

In order to improve thermal efficiency of spark ignition (SI) engines, an improved technology to avoid irregular combustion under high load conditions of high compression ratio SI engines is required. In this study, the authors focused on high pressure gasoline direct injection in a high compression ratio SI engine, which its rapid air-fuel mixture formation, turbulence, and flame speed, are enhanced by high-speed fuel spray jet. Effects of fuel injection pressure, injection and spark ignition timing on combustion characteristics were experimentally and numerically investigated. It was found that the heat release rate was drastically increased by raising the fuel injection pressure. The numerical simulation results show that the high pressure gasoline direct injection enhanced small-scale turbulent intensity and fuel evaporation, simultaneously. These two effects were considered as the main factors to increase the flame propagation speed, suggesting a new combustion concept different from conventional SI combustion controlled by in-cylinder bulk flow. This combustion method enables the delay of fuel injection and spark ignition timing up to near top dead center (TDC) which leads to avoid pre-ignition and knocking by shortening the end-gas reaction time. Therefore, it was shown that the irregular combustion in a high compression ratio SI engine could be avoided by utilizing high pressure gasoline injection, which leads to improve partial load thermal efficiency without affecting the high load performance.

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