Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-24-0112

Injection Pattern Investigation for Gasoline Partially Premixed Combustion Analysis 2019-24-0112

Nowadays, compression-ignited engines are considered the most efficient and reliable technology for automotive applications. However, mainly due to the current emission regulations, that require increasingly stringent reductions of NOx and particulate matter, the use of diesel-like fuels is becoming a critical issue. For this reason, a large amount of research and experimentation is being carried out to investigate innovative combustion techniques suitable to simultaneously mitigate the production of NOx and soot, while improving engine efficiency.
In this scenario, the combined use of compression-ignited engines and gasoline-like fuels proved to be very promising, especially in case the fuel is directly-injected in the combustion chamber at high pressure. The presented study analyzes the combustion process produced by the direct injection of small amounts of gasoline in a compression-ignited light-duty engine. The engine under investigation has been modified to guarantee a stable engine operation over its whole operating range, that is achieved controlling boost pressure and temperature, together with the design of the injection pattern.
Experimental tests have been performed to highlight the impact of several control variables on the combustion effectiveness, i.e. on combustion efficiency and ignition delay. To identify the main mechanisms which impact the start of the combustion process and the sensitivity to the variation of the main control parameters, several tests have been run, directly-injecting constant amounts of gasoline in a compression ignited engine. These tests have been performed changing intake pressure and temperature (when suitable to maintain combustion stability), fuel pressure and injection timing within the cycle.


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