Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-24-0118

Experimental Assessment of Ozone Addition Potential in Direct Injection Compression Ignition Engines 2019-24-0118

The potential of ozone addition in compression ignition engines is investigated experimentally in this paper. Experiments were carried out in an optically accessible single cylinder engine equipped with a common rail direct injection system. A commercially available ozone generator (P <100W) was used to add to the intake flow a controlled amount of ozone. EU Diesel fuel (CN 54) and a Naphtha fuel (CN 33) were tested investigating the impact of Ozone in conventional diesel combustion and LTC cases (e.g. high EGR rate). Minimal ozone concentration in the intake flow (10 ppm) demonstrated to reduce significantly the ignition delay. However, the impact observed strongly depends on the engine conditions tested and, in general, this effect observed becomes significant in conditions characterized by a long ignition delay: low intake temperature, high dilution, and low CN fuel. Significant practical benefits of ozone addition were found for engine cold-start, where ozone yields a significant reduction in misfire events during the first cycle and a faster stabilization of the combustion phasing and a reduction of the UHC produced in the warm up phase. Also, a mild increase in the EGR tolerance for low load conditions was achieved (from 2 to 5 %). Optical diagnostics, such as CH2O planar laser induced fluorescence and natural chemiluminescence, were applied to understand the physics behind the ozone effects. The results demonstrated that O3 strongly affects LTR phase, causing an earlier development of the chemical reactions. The impact on this phase is eventually reflected in a reduction of the second stage ignition delay, and in a more stable combustion.


Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »


Attention: This item is not yet published. Pre-Order to be notified, via email, when it becomes available.
Members save up to 40% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: With TechSelect, you decide what SAE Technical Papers you need, when you need them, and how much you want to pay.