Design of a Door Intrusion Barrier to Improve the Side Impact Safety for Passenger Car Application 2019-26-0001
The automobile industry is making huge strides to improve vehicle and occupant safety. A lot of safety improvements and modifications have been made in the past decade. But the side impact is still overlooked as not much has been improved for side safety despite most of the accidents and collisions happen to the side of a vehicle. Side intrusion barriers are the primary protection feature along with A, B and C pillars. Crashworthiness mainly depends on the position, cross-section and material of the intrusion barrier. In this context, the present work mainly focuses on finding the optimum position, choosing the correct cross-section and finding the right material for the intrusion barrier. The objective of this work is to minimize the damage to the side of the vehicle by increasing its crashworthiness thereby reducing passenger injuries. A model of a vehicle door has been designed in Solid Works and various cross sections of side intrusion barriers like circular, rectangular, H-section, I section, E and C section have been developed. The crash test has been conducted according to New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) norms and the best possible configuration with highest safety level has been found.