Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-26-0004
2019-01-19

Comprehensive Study on Crashes with Pedestrians on Indian Roads 2019-26-0004

Pedestrian crashes are a major safety concern worldwide and especially in India. About one in every ten traffic-related fatalities in the country is a pedestrian. In 2016 nearly 15 800 pedestrians are killed in India are mainly exposed to risk when crossing and walking on the road in urban and rural areas. The aim of the study was to understand the pedestrian behavior on the road and to identify characteristics of pedestrian crashes in India. Overall it was aimed to derive countermeasures out from accident contributing factors to improve traffic safety in India. Bosch Accident Research access the accident database of the Road Accident Sampling System for India (RASSI). The present analysis is based on 1779 in-depth accident investigated and reconstructed cases from RASSI. Overall 168 crashes involving 207 pedestrians were analyzed and simulated afterwards. Five different locations involving majorly rural, urban & semi urban areas covered. As a result, every second pedestrian accident occurred while walking and crossing the road straight, and nearly 12% of crashes occurred while the pedestrian was standing in road. In 90% of the relevant cases human errors had an important role. The study also found that in addition to the human errors, in 45% vehicle-related and in 60% of the relevant accidents, infrastructure-related factors were documented. Looking to Europe or Japan car Advanced Emergency Braking (AEB) System already part of Driver Assistance Systems supporting the driver in critical situations against crossing pedestrians. It is obvious that also in India such AEB systems might support in such events in future. Using simulation technologies applied on reconstructed crashes it is seen that every 4th crash against a pedestrian in the analyzed data sample can be positively influenced. The technical paper covers the below topic in detail • General classification of pedestrian accident • Analysis of pedestrian behaviour during pre-crash phase • Overview about contributing factors related to vehicle, infrastructure, human • Estimated impacts of an advanced emergency braking system for pedestrians installed in a car related to data sample • Countermeasures to improve traffic safety against pedestrians in India • Analysis methodology explained on an example case

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