Evaluation and Selection of Turbocharger Meeting BS6 Emission Norms for 1.99l Engine 2019-26-0058
Migration to BS6 emission norms from BS4 levels involves strenuous efforts involving advanced technology and higher cost. The challenging part is on achieving the stringent emission norms without compromising the engine fuel economy, performance and NVH factors. Selection of hardware and attaining an optimal behavior is therefore vital. This article focuses on the evaluation of three different configuration of turbochargers for the same engine in order to meet the BS6 emission norms and performance. The turbocharger samples used measure same compressor diameter with varying trim ratios. Simulation and testing of turbochargers ensured positive results for confirmation of the system. Parameters like pumping losses, low speed torque, smoke and compressor efficiency were evaluated and analyzed for all configurations. The safe limits of surge and choke regions of all the compressors were also studied. Influence of varying trim on the performance and emissions were examined thoroughly in this work. Full throttle performance and 14 mode test for emissions concluded that the performance and smoke parameters were satisfactory with all the turbochargers but the configuration meeting the performance targets and operating within the surge region is finally selected for the engine application.
Giftson J, Anbarasu Muthusamy, Vagesh Shangar Ramani, Gurtej Bhachchu, Sivasubramamanian R, M Anand, Arun K
Mahindra Research Valley
Symposium on International Automotive Technology 2019