Browse Publications Technical Papers 2019-26-0067

Aerodynamic Analysis of Passenger Car with Luggage Carrier (Roof Rack) 2019-26-0067

Any change is vehicle exterior design, affects the aerodynamics characteristic. Generally different types of roof racks are attached on passenger vehicles to carry luggage which affects aerodynamic drag. The objective of this work is to perform aerodynamic analysis of ground vehicle with roof rack to investigate the change in drag coefficient. First, the aerodynamic analysis of a baseline passenger car model is performed with and without generic benchmarked roof rack at 100 kmph. Further analysis is carried out with different new designs of roof racks. Based on simulation result, a scaled down prototype model is fabricated and validated by using a wind tunnel test for optimum suitable case. The modelling of the vehicle is done in CATIA tool and simulation is carried out by using ANSYS Fluent. The results show maximum drag reduction of around 9% with new design of roof rack as compared to the benchmarked roof rack which improves the fuel economy around 18% when compared to a benchmarked roof rack.


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