Tests with a Dynamometer Related to the Determination of Energy Consumption, Dynamic Behaviour, and Slippage of Vehicles 2019-26-0352
At the University of Applied Sciences Konstanz, Germany, a modern electronically controlled dynamometer and several cars are available for tests. Numerous studies have been carried out, and the latest results will be presented. The paper is intended to explain different tests under load. One focus is the driving cycle WLTC (Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Cycle) and the requirements for the proper conduct of investigation with this driving cycle. Two and three wheelers have a great importance for mobility in various Asian countries. But also in other countries, this segment is very important for the so-called First or Last Mile Vehicles. Because of this, a short explanation of the driving cycle WMTC (Worldwide harmonized Motorcycle Emissions Certification/Test Procedure) is given. The various possibilities for the operation of the dynamometer and for carrying out various experiments are shown.
Other important figures that can be determined on a dynamometer are the wheel power, the power losses and eventually the engine performance. With the brake specific torque, the traction force at the propelled wheels, the maximum acceleration or maximum gradeability of a car can be determined.
As well the slippage related to load can be measured on the dynamometer. The dynamic wheel radius of the driven wheels has a significant influence on the slippage. Because of the temperature increase of the tires during the tests the tire pressure increases. A rise of tire temperature, tire pressure, and wheel speed results in an increase of the dynamic wheel radius and slippage. Equations for the determination of the dynamic wheel radius are presented.
Michael Butsch, Jonas Dettling, Carl-Gustav Ritz, Andreas Wizgall
University OAS Konstanz
Symposium on International Automotive Technology 2019