Development of CFD Program for Automotive Ventilation and Defrost Simulation Using OpenFOAM 2020-01-0154
Numerical simulations are widely used to predict the performance of products in the automotive development process. In particular, ventilation and defrost performances of automotive HVAC system are developed according to design variables and environmental conditions based on CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics). Recently, as improvement on both computer hardware performance and analysis technology continues, the usage of simulation has been increasing accordingly. However, the cost of software license also increases in such development environments. In this paper, we introduce our CFD program with OpenFOAM, which is the free, open source CFD software, to simulate flow characteristics of ventilation and defrost in automobile. This program includes self-developed GUI similar to commercial CFD code, two-layer realizable κ-ε turbulence model to secure numerical stability, and fluid film model to check the defrost phenomena with time dependence from OpenFOAM libraries.