High-Speed Imaging of a Vaporizing GDI Spray: A Comparison between Schlieren, Shadowgraph, DBI and Scattering 2020-01-0326
Isooctane sprays from a multi-hole GDI injector were investigated in a constant volume chamber by means of high speed imaging techniques. The tests were performed under inert conditions (nitrogen), at temperatures and densities ranging between representative operating conditions of late injection, flash boiling and early injection in a GDI engine. The global parameters of the sprays were obtained by processing Schlieren, Shadowgraph, DBI and Mie-scattering images through an in-house image processing method. Thus, the boundaries of the spray vapor phase can be easily detected with great accuracy, regardless of whether Schlieren or the less sensitive shadowgraph imaging is used. Furthermore, the boundaries of the liquid phase were also obtained from shadowgraph images and compared with those obtained through DBI and scattering. The results show that the signature of the liquid phase in a shadowgraph image can be distinguished from that of the vaporized fuel. This allows the global parameters of the two phases to be obtained in a truly simultaneous manner by means of shadowgraph imaging alone.